VOA慢速 郵寄投票或將導致美國大選結果延遲公布

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2020-6-12 17:58

VOA慢速 郵寄投票或將導致美國大選結果延遲公布

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Mail-in Voting May Delay US Presidential Election Results


郵寄投票或將導致美國大選結果延遲公布


On the night of presidential elections in the United States, many Americans stay up late to find out who won. The reason? Most areas use electronic voting machines and computers to count-up ballots. With electronic balloting, election results are usually reported on election night or early the next day.


美國總統大選之夜許多美國人會熬夜等待公布最終贏家。為何如此?因為大多數地區利用電子投票機和計算機來統計選票。由于是電子投票,選舉結果通常在選舉當晚或第二天早些時候公布。


Because of the coronavirus pandemic, and a move to mail-in ballots, it is likely that Americans will not know who won the presidency on election night. If that happens, some people are worried that U.S. President Donald Trump may not accept the results.


由于冠狀病毒大流行以及因此推行的郵寄選票措施,今年美國民眾很有可能無法在大選之夜知曉誰贏得了總統寶座。如果真的出現這種情況,一些人擔心美國總統特朗普可能不會接受選舉結果。


Days of counting ahead


統計選票就需數日時間


Some state election officials recently warned that it may take days to count all the ballots that arrive in the mail. They must be mailed by Election Day, Tuesday, November 3. If the election is as close as it was in 2016, that delay may prevent news organizations from calling a winner.


美國一些州的選舉官最近警告稱,可能要花幾天時間才能清點完成郵寄來的所有選票。而選票必須在選舉日——11月3日星期二當天寄送到。如果大選結果像2016年那樣接近,那么這種延遲或會使得新聞機構無法宣布勝利者。


Jocelyn Benson is Secretary of State in Michigan and a member of the state’s Democratic Party. She said, "It may be several days before we know the outcome of the election. We have to prepare for that now and accept that reality."


喬斯林·本森是密歇根州的州政府秘書長,也是該州民主黨成員。她說:“我們可能要過幾天才能知道選舉結果。我們現在必須做好準備并接受現實?!?/font>


Ohio's secretary of state, Frank LaRose, is a Republican. He has urged the public to be patient. "We've gotten accustomed to this idea that by the middle of the evening of election night, we're going to know all the results," LaRose said. He warned, "Election night reporting may take a little longer" this year.


俄亥俄州國務卿弗蘭克·拉羅斯是一位共和黨人。他敦促公眾耐心等待選舉結果。拉羅斯說:“我們已經習慣了這種想法,即在選舉當晚的午夜,我們將知道最終結果?!彼€警告稱,今年“選舉之夜結果公布可能需要更長時間”。


A few states already hold elections largely by mail. There, delayed results are common. But the results of a presidential election have not been in dispute since 2000. That year, problems with ballots in Florida led to weeks of chaos and legal appeals.


一些州已經大范圍通過郵寄方式進行選舉。這些地區出現選舉結果延遲的現象很常見。但自2000年以來,總統選舉的結果一直都沒有過爭議。2000年,佛羅里達州的選票問題引發了數周的混亂和法律上訴。


Some election observers and Democrats worry about what may happen this year, as the president criticizes mail-in voting. Trump is a Republican. He has claimed without evidence that widespread mail balloting will lead to a "rigged" election.


一些選舉觀察員和民主黨人擔心今年的選舉會出現意外,因為總統本人批評了郵寄選票的方式。特朗普是一位共和黨人。他在沒有證據的情況下聲稱,大范圍的郵寄選票將引發一場選舉“舞弊”。


“It's very problematic,” said Rick Hasen, a law professor with the University of California-Irvine. “There is already so much anxiety about this election because of the high levels of polarization and misinformation," he added.


加州大學歐文分校的法學教授里克·哈森表示:“這很有問題?!彼€補充道:“由于兩極分化和信息誤傳非常嚴重,人們已經對這次選舉感到非常焦慮?!?/font>


Hasen is among the experts who have been studying how the pandemic may cause problems for the U.S. electoral system. He recently gathered a group of academics from both political parties to suggest ways to avoid having a disputed election. Some members have thought about possible events like state legislatures or governors refusing to seat electors, or a candidate refusing to admit defeat.


哈森是一直在研究大流行將給美國選舉制度帶來何種問題的專家之一。他最近召集了來自兩個政黨的一組學者,提出避免一場具有爭議的選舉的方法。一些人想到了可能會發生的事件,如州立法機關或州長拒絕為選舉人設席,或候選人拒絕承認選舉失敗。


Millions more ballots


將有數百萬張選票


Since the pandemic began, many Americans have been looking for a safer alternative to in-person voting. Voters requested large numbers of mail-in ballots for presidential primary elections this spring. The state of Maryland will hold an entirely vote-by-mail primary on June 2.


自大流行開始以來,許多美國民眾都在尋找一種比現場投票更安全的投票方式。選民們要求為今年春天的總統初選提供大量郵寄選票。馬里蘭州將在6月2日舉行一次全部來自郵寄選票的初選。


Election officials from both parties have supported calls for mail-in and absentee voting. Many states expect to be struggling to process millions more mail-in ballots than they usually do in November.


兩黨的選舉官員都支持郵寄和不到場投票的要求。許多州預計要比往年11月份多處理數百萬份的郵寄選票。


Each state has its own rules for accepting and counting mail-in ballots. In some areas, mail-in ballots can be accepted several days after Election Day. But they must be stamped with a postmark before voting stations close.


每個州都有自己接受和計算郵寄選票的規則。在某些地區,選舉日后幾天的郵寄選票也是可接受的。但郵戳必須是在投票站關閉前蓋上的。


Some states count mail-in ballots as they come in, but others — like Michigan and Pennsylvania — have laws that bar processing such ballots until Election Day. That means the count will extend well into the next day.


一些州在收到郵寄選票時會對其進行統計,但其他一些州,比如密歇根州和賓夕法尼亞州的法律則禁止在選舉日前統計此類選票。這意味著選票統計將一直延續到第二天。


Another thing that could delay the count is that Democrats are pushing to require states to accept mail-in ballots postmarked on Election Day. Democrats have taken legal action, noting that the U.S. Supreme Court required it for Wisconsin's April 7 election. But, because of that requirement, Wisconsin did not release results from its election until April 13.


另一個可能推遲統計選票的因素是,民主黨人力推各州接受在選舉日當天加蓋郵戳的郵寄選票。民主黨人已經采取法律行動,指出美國最高法院在威斯康星州4月7日的選舉中已有先例。但也是因為這一要求,威斯康星州直到4月13日才公布選舉結果。


Still, news organizations may try to predict a winner of the presidential election before the official vote count is completed. Those predictions are based on partial results, earlier elections and studies of likely voters. Without enough information, the broadcasters may not be able to call a winner on election night.


不過,新聞機構可能會試圖在正式計票結束前預測總統選舉的獲勝者。這些預測基于部分選舉結果、早期選舉和對潛在的選民進行的調研。如果沒有足夠的信息,廣播公司可能無法在大選之夜公布獲勝者。


I’m Jill Robbins.


吉爾·羅賓斯報道。


 


 


Mail-in Voting May Delay US Presidential Election Results


On the night of presidential elections in the United States, many Americans stay up late to find out who won. The reason? Most areas use electronic voting machines and computers to count-up ballots. With electronic balloting, election results are usually reported on election night or early the next day.


Because of the coronavirus pandemic, and a move to mail-in ballots, it is likely that Americans will not know who won the presidency on election night. If that happens, some people are worried that U.S. President Donald Trump may not accept the results.


Days of counting ahead


Some state election officials recently warned that it may take days to count all the ballots that arrive in the mail. They must be mailed by Election Day, Tuesday, November 3. If the election is as close as it was in 2016, that delay may prevent news organizations from calling a winner.


Jocelyn Benson is Secretary of State in Michigan and a member of the state’s Democratic Party. She said, "It may be several days before we know the outcome of the election. We have to prepare for that now and accept that reality."


Ohio's secretary of state, Frank LaRose, is a Republican. He has urged the public to be patient. "We've gotten accustomed to this idea that by the middle of the evening of election night, we're going to know all the results," LaRose said. He warned, "Election night reporting may take a little longer" this year.


A few states already hold elections largely by mail. There, delayed results are common. But the results of a presidential election have not been in dispute since 2000. That year, problems with ballots in Florida led to weeks of chaos and legal appeals.


Some election observers and Democrats worry about what may happen this year, as the president criticizes mail-in voting. Trump is a Republican. He has claimed without evidence that widespread mail balloting will lead to a "rigged" election.


“It's very problematic,” said Rick Hasen, a law professor with the University of California-Irvine. “There is already so much anxiety about this election because of the high levels of polarization and misinformation," he added.


Hasen is among the experts who have been studying how the pandemic may cause problems for the U.S. electoral system. He recently gathered a group of academics from both political parties to suggest ways to avoid having a disputed election. Some members have thought about possible events like state legislatures or governors refusing to seat electors, or a candidate refusing to admit defeat.


Millions more ballots


Since the pandemic began, many Americans have been looking for a safer alternative to in-person voting. Voters requested large numbers of mail-in ballots for presidential primary elections this spring. The state of Maryland will hold an entirely vote-by-mail primary on June 2.


Election officials from both parties have supported calls for mail-in and absentee voting. Many states expect to be struggling to process millions more mail-in ballots than they usually do in November.


Each state has its own rules for accepting and counting mail-in ballots. In some areas, mail-in ballots can be accepted several days after Election Day. But they must be stamped with a postmark before voting stations close.


Some states count mail-in ballots as they come in, but others — like Michigan and Pennsylvania — have laws that bar processing such ballots until Election Day. That means the count will extend well into the next day.


Another thing that could delay the count is that Democrats are pushing to require states to accept mail-in ballots postmarked on Election Day. Democrats have taken legal action, noting that the U.S. Supreme Court required it for Wisconsin's April 7 election. But, because of that requirement, Wisconsin did not release results from its election until April 13.


Still, news organizations may try to predict a winner of the presidential election before the official vote count is completed. Those predictions are based on partial results, earlier elections and studies of likely voters. Without enough information, the broadcasters may not be able to call a winner on election night.


I’m Jill Robbins.


 

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