VOA慢速英語 疫情下全球自行車市場繁榮、自行車短缺

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2020-6-19 13:55

VOA慢速英語 疫情下全球自行車市場繁榮、自行車短缺

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As the coronavirus outbreak continues, many Americans are fearful of using public transportation. They also are looking for ways to get exercise without having to go to a gym, as well as ways to enjoy the outdoors.

隨著冠狀病毒疫情的持續,許多美國人對乘坐公共交通工具表示擔憂。同時他們也在尋找不用去健身房就可以鍛煉身體以及享受戶外活動的方法。

So, it may not be surprising that the pandemic has led to a major increase in bicycle sales.

因此,這場大流行導致自行車銷量大幅增長或許也就不足為奇了。

In the United States, bicycles at big stores like Walmart have sold out. And small bicycle stores cannot keep up with demand for “family-style” bicycles: the low-cost, easy-to-ride models.

在美國,像沃爾瑪這樣的大商超自行車早就銷售一空。而小型自行車商店也跟不上“家庭式”自行車車型的供應需求。所謂“家庭式”自行車就是低成本、簡單易騎行的自行車車型。

The bicycle industry is seeing its biggest sales increase since the oil crisis of the 1970s, said Jay Townley, an industry expert.

自行車行業專家杰伊?湯利表示,自行車行業銷量迎來了自上世紀70年代石油危機以來的最大增幅。

“People… have panicked,” Townley said. He compared the sale of bicycles to the rush to buy products like toilet paper at the start of the pandemic.

“人們……已經慌了,”湯利說。他把自行車的銷售比作大流行開始時人們購買衛生紙等產品的熱潮。

The rise in bicycle sales is not happening just in the United States.

自行車銷量的增長并不僅僅發生在美國。

Cities like Manila in the Philippines and Rome, Italy have created bicycle paths for the growing number of people who want to avoid public transportation. In London, city officials plan to bar cars from some central roads.

菲律賓的馬尼拉和意大利的羅馬等城市已經為越來越多想要避開公共交通的人設立了自行車道。在倫敦,市政官方計劃一些中心道路禁止汽車行駛。

Bike shop owners in Manila say demand is even stronger than what they see at Christmas time. In Italy, the government’s economic support plan included a 500-euro payment to help with the cost of a bicycle.

馬尼拉的一家自行車商店老板說,現在的需求甚至比圣誕節時還要強勁。意大利政府的經濟支持計劃還包括支付500歐元來幫助人們支付自行車費用。

Of course, you can only buy a bicycle if you can find a bicycle. In the U.S., the shortages now mean it may take many months to get one.

當然,只有有貨才能購買。在美國,現在的短缺程度已經到了可能要等幾個月才能買到一輛自行車。

High demand is not the only reason for the shortage. The U.S. buys 90 percent of its bicycles from China. Bicycle factories there were shut down to stop the spread of COVID-19.

高需求并不是造成短缺的唯一因素。美國90%的自行車是從中國購買的。而為阻止新冠肺炎擴散,那里的自行車工廠也已被關閉。

The increase in bicycle demand began in March as countries began to close down. In April, the sale of bicycles for adults increased 200 percent in the United States. All bicycle sales, including those for children, are up 100 percent from the year before, says NPD Group. The research company follows the sales of bicycles.

自行車需求的增長始于3月份,當時各國開始停產。今年4月,美國成人自行車銷量增長了200%。市場調研公司NPD集團表示,包括兒童自行車在內的所有類型自行車的銷售,都比前一年增長了100%。這家市場調研公司追蹤調查了自行車的銷售情況。

Before the pandemic, bicycle sales in the United States were a $6 billion industry that was expecting lower sales in 2020. That expectation came in part because of a decision by the administration of President Donald Trump to place high tariffs on many Chinese imported goods.

在大流行之前,美國自行車銷售是一個60億美元的產業,且預計2020年銷量會下降。之所以會有這一預期部分原因是,美國總統特朗普政府決定對許多中國進口商品征收高關稅。

In Bar Harbor, Maine, Brian Smith bought a new bicycle for one of his daughters. She is a competitive swimmer who could not get to the pool to practice. His family now goes for rides several times a day. Bicycling helps them all get exercise and enjoy the fresh air. But the biggest reason they go on rides?

在緬因州的巴爾港,布賴恩·史密斯給他的其中一個女兒買了一輛新自行車。她本來是一名游泳健將,但現在無法去游泳池練習游泳。他的家人現在每天都要出去騎行幾次。騎自行車可以幫助他們鍛煉身體,享受新鮮空氣。但他們去兜風的最大原因是什么?

“It’s fun. Maybe that’s the bottom line. It’s really fun to ride bikes,” Smith said.

“這很有趣。也許這就是底線。騎自行車真的很有趣,”史密斯說。

Joe Minutolo is the co-owner of Bar Harbor Bicycle Shop in Maine. He said he hopes the increased sales mean a change in the way people think about transportation.

喬·米努托洛是緬因州“Bar Harbor”自行車店的合伙人。他說,他希望銷量的增長能意味著人們對交通看法的改變。

“People are having a chance to rethink things,” he said. “Maybe we’ll all learn something out of this, and something really good will happen,” he said.

“人們有機會重新思考問題,”他說:“也許我們都能從中學到一些東西,而且真正美好的事情將會發生?!?。

I’m Susan Shand.

蘇珊·尚德報道。

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